Nong Kiau Riverside


Looking for the best Place for stay at night, quiet and weak up with full energy. Nong kiau Riverside is a small authentic Bungalow cleaned, quiet and lovely.

Cleaned room with antique decorations, fulfilled with air conditioner, hot water, beautiful lamps and free coffee tea serving at the room.

View from the terrasse in the morning, the scenery of Nongkiau and mountain is wonderful.

The Bungalows entourages by flowers and garden, and there is the plants that against mosquitos.

For more information:

Tel: +856 71810004

Ban Sop Houm, M. Ngoy, Luang Prabang Province, Lao PDR.


Thampoukham Blue lagoon


Many peoples asking what to do when arriving to Vangvieng? This is very good question.
Instate of drinking and dancing at the bar standing side of Song river,  there is more than activities that we can apply such as Kayaking, boat riding, tracking, rock climbing, circling., etc…

Here is one of the best place to visit and fulfilled of interesting activities. Thampoukham blue lagoon2 is a place for some who like swimming in cold and fresh downstream from Thampoukham cave, and some may like to jump from the top of branches to water.

Spending time and have a lunch at the traditional hats, some may like to take a zip lines is also available here.

Gate intrance fee: 10.000 Lak/1 person

If coming with family here is another solution for the kids

Maki Ebina, who make a tour around the world alone


Sabaidee Thakhek restaurant


An authentic old French’ house style at the square front of Tourism information center.

Opening daily from 7am to 11 pm.

French style food, aroma coffee and Beverly.

free Wifi

Side view restaurant


Longeum View Resort


An authentic resort situated at the north east around 93 km from Khopchaideu restaurant where shuttle bus and Taxi from Watai airport is usually stop as it’s a center point.
Longneum View Resort is standing on the mountain valet and facing to the Nagneum Reservoir  and it’s good view for seeing water activities such as local fishery, boating activities, sunrise and sunset as well as moonlight shining on the river. As the Resort is situated on hight altitude, event in hot whether, this place is still cool at night.
Moreover at the resort it self there is a small tour services package as boat renting for visiting around the reservoir, fishing activities, Jetski riding from resort to Golf course Dansavanh
The food serving is excellent, for some who like Lao coffee here is the right place for it, as the resort has self compilation.
During the night, the clients can also enjoying Karaoke as well as variety of cocktails at the Bar next to swimming pool.
Here are the services available now.
Long Ngum View Resort Hotel Facilities
  • 24-Hour Room Service
  • Airport Transfer
  • Bicycle Rental
  • Car Park
  • Coffee Shop
  • Family Room
  • Free Wi-Fi in all rooms
  • Laundry Service
  • Meeting Facilities
  • Restaurant
  • Room Service
  • Tours
  • Wi-Fi in Public Areas
Long Ngum View Resort Room Facilities
  • Air Conditioning
  • Balcony / Terrace
  • Bathtub
  • Coffee / Tea Maker
  • Complimentary Bottled Water
  • Desk
  • Fan
  • Internet Access – Lan (Complimentary)
  • Internet Access – Wireless (Complimentary)
  • Mini Bar
  • Non Smoking Rooms
  • Refrigerator
  • Satellite / Cable TV
  • Separate Shower And Tub
  • Shower
  • Television
Long Ngum View Resort Sports and Recreation
  • Garden
  • Massage
  • Outdoor Pool
  • Sauna
  • Steamroom
For more informations:
Nam Ngum Dam, Thalad Ban Sengsavang, Keo Oudom District, Vientiane Province
020 77 881 138
021 214 872

View from swimming pool to reservoir

view from swimming pool to Bar

Exclusive room

Bed well prepared and cleaned

Coffee outdoor

coffee our door night view

Coffee banner made by wood

View of resort on arrival

Conference room

Welcome to Longeum View Resort

BCEL One service One Pay by QR Code, no need to care cashes. (For customers how member and has registered with Banque du Commerce Exterieur du Laos. (BCEL. Written in French)

Sun rise view

warm hospitality

Fishing activiy



Beer time


Drinking beer after work is a parts of habits and it having repeat since draught beer was represents around 1986 and it was the same year where Laos has open the gate to Neo Economic Mechanism or (NEM).

At that time there where only Beer Lao, and 33 in the most. Since then there where also importation beer such as Budweiser , Carlsberg , tiger, and Heineken which is popular today. Some may like to have Belgium beer such as Hoegaarden at the beer house vientiane.

“A Centerpoint hoykheng” ເຊັນເຕີພ້ອຍ ຫອຍແຄງ or shell center locating behind of army museum is one place where local peoples hangout every night about 2.000 peoples for gathering and enjoying beer with verity BBQ.


City Bus Vientiane


City Bus – Route Map

New Japan donated buses used for Lao ITECC – Talat Sao line

Bus Routes and Timetables

There are a handful of bus routes in Vientiane city, all city buses depart from the Central Bus Station (CBS) and pass through a few places as listed. There is a route map that you can download in PDF too (scroll down)

Check for bus timetables and fares.

Dongdok (National University of Laos)

  • Bus #29: Central Bus Station (CBS) → Patuxay → Phonkeng → Phonpanao → Army History Museum → Kaysone Museum → Southern bus station →and Lao National University (Dongdok).
  • Bus #31: Central Bus Station (CBS) → Chao Anouvong national stadium → Thongkhankham market → Phonthong → Mittapab hospital → Ban Sivilay → and Lao National University (Dongdok)
  • Bus #33: This line has been discontinued.
  • Nansuang
    • Bus #05: Central Bus Station (CBS) → National Cultural Hall → Fa Ngum Statue → Wattay Airport* → Sikai Market → Nansuang.


    • Bus #30: Central Bus Station (CBS) → National Cultural Hall → Fa Ngum Statue → Wattay Airport* → Sikai Market → Thongphong.

    Nong Teng

    • Bus #49: Central Bus Station (CBS) → National Cultural Hall → Fa Ngum Statue → Wattay Airport* → Sikai Market → Nong Teng Rd. → Ban Nong Teng


    • Bus #06: Central Bus Station (CBS) → National Cultural Hall → Fa Ngum Statue → Wattay Airport* → Mekong Breeze Hotel → Nong Da temple → Pialath.

    *The buses do not go into the airport but it’s only 5 minutes walk from the main road.


    • Bus #32: Central Bus Station (CBS) → Dongpaina Rd. → Lao-Thai Rd. → 103 Hospital → South Korea Embassy → Myanmar Embassy → Sweden Embassy → Sangvuy Temple (end of route here).

    Lao-ITECC-Talat Sao Mall1 

    • Lao ITECC→ ASEAN Mall→ BCEL Bank Branch → That Luang Square Mall →That Luang Tai Temple →  That Luang Esplanade → Nongbone Temple → Indochina Bank→ Ministry of Finance→ Malaysia Embassy→ Patuxai → Ministry of Energy and Mines → Ministry of Public Security →Talat Sao Mall 1. See route map for more details.

    This line was previously run by electric vehicles. From November 27 onward, they will be permanently replaced by Kyoto Buses.


  • Bus #23: Central Bus Station (CBS) → Lane Xang Avenue → Patuxax → Army History Museum → Kaysone Museum → Southern bus station → Thangon.

Thadeua via Lao-Thai Friendship Bridge

  • Bus #14: Central Bus Station (CBS) → Thadeua road → KM3 → Sounmon → Jinaimo → KM8 → Lao-Thai Frienship Bridge → Thanaleng → Thadeua → and Buddha Park (locally known as Xiengkhuan).

Northern Bus Station

  • Bus #08: Central Bus Station (CBS) → National Cultural Hall → Fa Ngum Statue → Nong Duang temple → Ban Dongnasok → Sithong Rd. → Northern Bus Station.

Dong Kham Xang

  • Bus #20: Central Bus Station (CBS) → Thatfoun temple → Phonexay temple → That Luang → Huakhua market → Ban Non Koh → Ban Non Vai, → Muangnoi market → Ban Xiengda → Dong Kham Xang Market.

Regular city Map. PDF file

Lao ITECC bus route

Lao ITECC Bus lines rout map

Student Bus Pass (SBP)

What is Student Bus Pass (SBP)?

SBP is a card for students to use for bus rides instead of paying cash everytime. They just need to pay up front once when they register and they can use it for 1 month, 3 months, 6 months or 1 year.

As the name implies, the card is for students only. It is designed to help them to save money on thier transportation cost as well as to make their bus trips convenient.

SBP card can be used with all bus routes that operated by Vientiane Capital State Bus Enterprise (VCSBE). It can be used as often and as many times as needed until the card expires.

Card Options

There are four(4) options to chose from:

  • 1 Month – Paper Based Card, cost 100,000kip
  • 3 Months – Paper Based Card, cost 200,000kip
  • 6 Months – ICT Card (Contactless), cost 300,000kip
  • 12 Months – ICT Card (Contactless), cost 500,000kip

How to apply for the card

You can apply for the card at the Central Bus Station Office (Morning market bus station)

You need to bring the following items at the time of application

  1. Your student ID card
  2. Two(2) photos (photo size: 40 x 30mm)
  3. Cash (amount 100,000 – 500,000kip depends on which option you chose)


You need to present your SBP everytime you get on the bus. Only buses that operated by Vientiane Capital State Bus Enterprise (VCSBE) accept the SBP card.

Your SBP card can only be used by yourself, it CANNOT be lent or sold.

If your SBP card is lost or stolen, you need to inform VCSBE. They can re-issue the SBP card for you with a small service fee. No refund or exchange can be provided.

More information:

For information regarding bus timetables, bus routs, bus stops, fares or Student Bus Pass (SBP) check out the website

Contact numbers (during business hours from 8:00am to 8:00pm):

021 216507, 020 9949 7131, 020 5582 1115, 020 5567 5122

Bus Location System

Now you can get the Bus Location System via your smartphone.

With the Bus Location System, you can see bus position in real time that makes it easy for your bus catching venture. You don’t have to get out of your house to wait for the bus long before it arrives. Just get out when you see the bus moving closer to your bus catching point.

The bus routes are color coded so it’s easy to identify. Just click/touch the line that represents the route and information such as destination and fares will pop up.

You can also select a destination from drop-down list to see the position of that particular route. You can switch between Lao and English.

Get it here: 

App for smart phone is also available, check it out in Play Store or  App Store

Enjoy your Vientiane City Bus venture, and happy traveling.

For more informations



Vat Phou


Vat Phou and Associated Ancient Settlements within the Champasak Cultural Landscape – (extracts from UNESCO’s website). The Champasak cultural landscape, including the Vat Phou Temple complex, is a remarkably well-preserved planned landscape more than 1,000 years old. It was shaped to express the Hindu vision of the relationship between nature and humanity, using an axis from mountain top to river bank to lay out a geometric pattern of temples, shrines and waterworks extending over some 10 km. Two planned cities on the banks of the Mekong River are also part of the site, as well as Phou Kao mountain. The whole represents a development ranging from the 5th to 15th centuries, mainly associated with the Khmer Empire.

Vat Phou 

Inscriptions from to the 5th and 6th centuries mention a sanctuary built on the mountain, during the same period as the foundation of the city. This sanctuary has disappeared and has been replaced by the religious complex we see today. This complex was built during the first part of the 11th century, with some additions and reconstructions from the 12th and 13th centuries. 

Built along an East-West axis, it extends over 1.4 km and climbs up the slope, starting from the plain and ending about 100m above, where the main sanctuary is situated. The main sanctuary is located on a terrace at the foot of the cliff where the sacred spring flows.

The religious complex of Vat Phou is of Khmer architecture and Hindu religion and is situated at the foot of a hill. The summit, the Phou Kao, immediately commands one’s attention because of its shape, identified in ancient times with the linga, the phallic symbol of Shiva, from which originated its ancient name, Lingaparvata, and its reputation as a sacred hill.

The permanent spring, at the foot of the cliffs, is probably one of the main reasons that induced the ancient rulers of the area to establish a shivaist sanctuary at this location. Associated with this religious complex, in the plain below, on the banks of the Mekong, is a pre-angkorian city, the remains of which (large earthen enclosure walls, brick monuments) are barely visible on the ground, although they appear quite clearly on aerial pictures. 

Since 1991, excavations have been undertaken by P.R.A.L. (Projet de Recherches en Archéologie Lao) with the aim of producing a precise archaeological map.

read more

Credit: Rattanavong Lat

Credit: Rattanavong Lat

Credit: Rattanavong Lat

Credit: Rattanavong Lat 

Credit: Rattanavong Lat

Credit: Rattanavong Lat

Credit: Rattanavong Lat

Credit: Rattanavong Lat

Credit: Rattanavong Lat

Credit: Rattanavong Lat

Vat Phou Festival 2018

29-31 January 2018




We represent a family silk farming and handicraft cooperative in Laos, operating as Mulberries and Phontong-Camacrafts Handicrafts Cooperative.

Photography by Paul Wager

Our organisation emerged in 1976, when Kommaly Chanthavong gathered 10 internally displaced and desperately poor women weavers from her home province of Hua Phan, Xam Neua, and initiated the Phontong Handicraft Cooperative. In 1990, Phontong and Camacraft joined ventures to assist Hmong hill tribe and Lao village women by utilising their artistic resources to design handcrafted products as a means to social and economic recovery.

In 1993, Mulberries organic silk farm was established in Xieng Khouang province as a research and model silk farm. The purpose of the farm is to revive and encourage the Lao traditional practice of silk fibre production, by providing training and support in silk worm rearing, art and craft practices of weaving. This in turn aids the social and economic development of rural and remote villages. Today the cooperative consists of 3,000 farmers, weavers and artisans from over 200 village families.

Our aim is to advance an ecological, economic, cultural and socially sustainable Lao silk and handicraft enterprise that improves the livelihood of the people we work with. An important part of our work is to ensure that our environmental, cultural and artistic resources are safeguarded for future generations.

Our role is to build close relationships with Lao village producers and contribute to improving their livelihood and standard of living. We also create market opportunities by bringing their products and stories to a global marketplace that connects and fosters an understanding between consumers and producers.

In purchasing products from Mulberries Fair Trade online store, you will be supporting the economic livelihood of Lao village communities. You can help us to ensure that traditional skills and artistic designs distinctive to Lao culture are passed on to younger generations.


Visit Laos Year 2018 Launched along with That Luang Festival 2017


Visit Laos Year 2018 Launched along with That Luang Festival 2017

Create: 30/10/2017 09:25

Soukthavy Thephavong

(KPL) Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith announced on Saturday the launch of Visit Laos Year 2018 and annual That Luang Festival celebration in the presence of ministers, foreign diplomats, senior officials of Vientiane Capital, representatives of international organizations and Vientiane residents.

The government has set an ambitious plan to have at least 5 million foreigners visiting the country over the next twelve months and to have at least US$ 900 million generated as incomes for the country by foreign visitors.

“Over the past years, the government of Laos PDR has come to regard tourism as a priority sector for driving the socio-economic development of the country. Tourism brings spending on goods and services that can boost currency reserves and circulation of money in the country and create more job opportunities for people in service and production sectors, particularly agriculture and handicraft production,” said Minister of Information, Culture and Tourism Bosengkham Vongdara, who also wears another had as Vice President of the National Committee for Visit Laos Year 2018.

Laos has already organized the Visit Laos Year twice – one in 1999-2000 and another one in 2011-2012 –to promote tourism industry and attract more visitors to Laos.

“The official launch sees us considering ‘Visit Laos Year 2018’ as a most important activity. The effort does not only seek to promote tourism but also aim to preserve unique culture and fine traditional culture of Laos. Also the visit Laos Year 2018 will, directly and indirectly, stimulate the country’s economic sectors, particularly tourism related businesses,” said the minister.

The Visit Laos Year 2018 will comprise activities to be organized in Laos and abroad. These will include festivals in various provinces across the country.

That Luang

“This year’s That Luang Festival is significant because we have completed the fourth restoration project of That Luang stupa as anticipated. The project comprises eight significant components. Nevertheless, the most significant one is many kilograms of gold have been placed atop the That Luang Stupa and 30 surrounding smaller spires splendidly. Also, a golden Buddha image has been moulded and resides at That Luang, serving a significant symbol for That Luang restoration project and consecration ceremony of That Luang Stupa,” said the minister.

That Luang Festival is organized each year and comprises activities. This year, due to the launch of the Visit Laos Year 2018, That Luang Festival trade fair focuses on promoting One District One Products (ODOP), products produced by model families, SME products and agriculture and handicraft products as well as the exhibition of local and foreign tourism products.

This year’s That Luang Festival trade fair is organized in two venues: Lao ITECC comprising 460 booths of local and foreign companies and That Luang Esplanade comprising 640 booths, of which three owned by foreign countries.

The festival also features the display of Lao style houses, cultural performance and activities related to worship for That Luang Stupa as well as cultural and religious affairs.

The areas surrounding That Luang Stupa and nearby areas have been arranged as a seating place for festival goers to watch wax castle processions in the north of That Luang. In addition, That Luang Esplanade and areas surrounding the stupa are well organized for people to watch Tiky (Lao hockey) and give alms to monks and carry out candlelight processions.



How Producers in Laos Are Turning to Specialty Coffee


Let’s grab a Khaafeh Lao and talk about what’s behind your morning coffee – both the beans and the producers. This is the story of the people farming your specialty coffee, and the long process of change they’re going through to meet the growing demand for quality and quantity.

SEE ALSO: What Are the Challenges Facing Lao Hill-Tribe Coffee Farmers?

coffee in LaosA woman spreads coffee cherries out to dry. Credit: CARE International in Lao P.D.R, Chris Wardle

Lao Coffee: The Basics

If you’re drinking coffee in Laos, it’s very likely from plantations established almost 100 years ago by French colonialists.

According to the Lao Coffee Sector Development Strategy (2014), the 1920s French planteurs de caffee first grew Arabica coffee in Laos using Bourbon and Typica varieties. The French were attracted to the elevation and volcanic soils of the Bolaven Plateau in the southern province of Champasak. Later, during the 1950s, Arabica – plagued by frost, leaf rust, and the impacts of war – was replaced by Robusta and a rust-resistant and higher-yielding Robusta-Arabica Catimor.

SEE ALSO: Geisha vs Bourbon: A Crash Course in Coffee Varieties

Phouxay Thepphavong, Secretary General of the Laos National Chamber of Commerce and Industry, shared several facts about our freshly brewed morning coffee. For a start, today, coffee is Laos’ most valuable agricultural export. The coffee export industry was valued at US $50 million in 2015, sizeable for a country of only 6.5 million people.

As for the farmers, Thepphavong explained that rural areas are home to most Lao people and over 70% of the country’s poor. Coffee provides employment for nearly 40,000 families in the seven coffee-producing districts of southern Laos. Production is expanding into other highland areas in northern Laos as well.

LaosMountains in Laos, a landlocked country seeking to graduate from Least Developed Country status by 2020. Credit: Nicole Motteux

The People Behind Your Coffee

In the south, coffee cultivation intensifies. It’s a spectacular scenery of rolling hills, mountains peaks reaching 1,400 m.a.s.l., and pristine rivers, populated by diverse ethnic minority communities. Coffee producers here are typically young ethnic Katu, Talieng and Yae people.

The Dak Chueng district lies in the Sekong Province bordering Vietnam. People here traditionally made a living from shifting cultivation, known as hai in Laos and also referred to as swidden cultivation or slash-and-burn agriculture. It’s one of the oldest land-use systems in the world.

However, many shifting cultivators in Dak Chueng have recently chosen to forgo their traditional agriculture for the ready income of coffee production.

Mr Phosy and Mrs Thip are 35 years old and of Yae ethnicity. Three years ago, they moved from their upland rice hamlet with their three children, aged 16, 14, and 12 years old, to Dak Man village to start their own coffee farm.

Coffee farming beckoned with opportunities they had rarely experienced before. They wanted to send their children to school in the village, get medical care, and buy other goods and services.

The older generation, however, decided to stay upland. Mrs Thip explains that her parents are “too old to move.”

“They cannot change their ways,” she says.

coffee in LaosA young woman during her daily work. Credit: Vincent Rouffaer

Investing for The Future

Coffee trees take three years to produce cherries, and the costs of moving totalled ₭32,234,000 (almost US $4,000). To meet the capital costs of establishing a coffee farm, the family sold some of their livestock and borrowed money from the bank. To make ends meet between planting and production, Mrs Thip relied on her upland family for rice, bananas, and pumpkins for household consumption.

Mr Phosy and Mrs Thip still visit the upland hamlet almost weekly to forage for food in the forest and the family vegetable plots, as well as take care of their elders. They also bring down manure to improve the soil of their coffee gardens, at a rate of two 50-kilo bags per motorbike trip.

Other opportunities to generate income are difficult to come by, but they remain optimistic for the future.

“We are young so we can change,” says Mrs Thip. “Growing coffee seedlings long term is very different to upland farming. We have relatives in the village to advise us. They told us how to produce seedlings and prepare the field. We learned how to weed. We have never pruned our coffee. The only way we can make this change is with the help of our family.”

The Cost of Inexperience

Mr Phosy and Mrs Thip are concerned that their past farming experience hasn’t prepared them for quality coffee production. There are many things they are unsure about: the management of tree rejuvenation and plant nutrition, soil fertilization and mulching, water retention, plant pests and diseases, and more.

In addition, they know that producing specialty coffee requires certain harvesting and processing techniques as well as diligent post-harvest handling. Yet this is completely new to them.

LaosCoffee producers in the Dak Chueng District. Credit: CARE International P.D.R

The family are on the same path of change as other coffee growers who started 10 years earlier. They too mined soil nutrients and mismanaged their coffee because they had no foundation or training in horticulture. With limited knowledge, resources, and capital, smallholder coffee producers face low yields and poor-quality beans – all things linked to soil nutrient deficiencies, diseases, and pests.

Poor harvesting and post-harvesting handling techniques together with a weak understanding of the market did not bring a good return for Mr Phosy and Mrs Thip. Currently, they sell mostly dried cherries and defective red cherries, receiving a very low price for their fledgeling coffee product.

coffee in LaosA worker sorts through drying coffee cherries. Credit: CARE International P.D.R, Chris Wardle

Cash Income Changes Lifestyles

Like many other families, Mr Phosy and Mrs Thip do not receive support from government agricultural services. They rely on other smallholder producers for advice and traders that have outreach programs to secure their supply lines.

Coffee production is a transformational commodity for poor upland farmers in the Bolaven Plateau in southern Laos. The majority of villages in Dak Chueng are dependent on coffee as their main source of cash income.

Many smallholder producers had limited access to cash before. Having cash makes a tangible difference to many households, enabling them to buy food such as rice, tea, salt, MSG, homeware, and 2G mobile phones. It allows children to go to school and the family to access medical care. More successful coffee producers can buy motorbikes and smartphones.

Better Equipment, Better Profits

Several NGOs and international coffee traders work to support smallholder coffee producers in the Bolaven Plateau, the country’s main coffee-producing area. They do so, in many cases, through sharing information on good agricultural practices and coffee post-harvest handling.

For example, I have recently completed a research project with CARE International in Laos. The body implements projects in the Dak Chueng District, including the European Union Food Security Project Women and Income and Nutrition Groups, to support the transition to sustainable production practices inclusive of women and youth.

Their interventions include diversification, the community management of natural resources, intensification of existing coffee plots rather than expansion, sustainable land management, access to finance, and use of communication systems for better market access.

coffee in LaosDiscussing best agricultural practices: Credit: CARE International in Lao P.D.R

Similarly, since 2014, Outspan Bolovens Ltd., a subsidiary of Olam, has set its pricing signals to encourage producers to alter their post-harvest processing practices. Some smallholder producers are switching to using hand pulpers, many provided by CARE International, to remove the cherry pulp before washing and drying the parchment coffee. This allows them to attract a higher price from Olam and so obtain extra income.

Some producers are also processing the cherry to parchment in the village, rather than selling their crops unprocessed. In 2015, Mrs Seng made up to four times more than her usual income by selling parchment instead of cherries.

Additionally, some producers have also started storing parchment during the rainy season, waiting until the roads and river are accessible to get the product to market.

“Evaluations highlight a high level of local ownership and significant positive impact on ethnic communities, particularly women and girls,” says Phounsy Phasaveng, Provincial Program Manager at CARE International in Laos.

coffee in LaosAdding cherries to the depulper. Credit: Mr Lat Rattanavong

These changes are small and slow, yet they have the power to make a real impact to coffee producers in Laos. Accessing the specialty market can provide cash, education, healthcare, and more.

It’s important that producers continue to learn about good agricultural practices and local post-harvest processing – something that will, to begin with, require the support of traders or NGOs.

I encourage you, as you buy your coffee, to look out for origins and brands like this. Improve the quality of the coffee in your cup, as well as the opportunities for producers along the supply chain.

Written by Nicole Motteux, based on a case study with CARE International in Lao P.D.R (Nicole Motteux, 2017: Disconnect – the transition from shifting cultivation to coffee production). All interviews were conducted with Mr Thongchanh from the Coffee Research Station as an interpreter.

Perfect Daily Grind

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